Globalization and Social Change
This chapter explores the historical origins of the authoritarian state through the globalization of capitalism. It discusses the spread of the global capitalist labor process to Guyana in the Anglophone Caribbean to illustrate the inseparable link between globalization and authoritarianism, or between economic and political phenomena. The rise of the global capitalist labor process had to do with the march of the standard bearers of European capitalism into the New World. Global capitalism had come of age where it no longer depended on any form of un-free labor to accumulate wealth. This development initiated by the external forces of globalization stimulated major social change locally in the Third World. Intra-class conflict contributed significantly to the underdevelopment of vital social structures. The reform of global capital in the 1830s created pressing political, economic and social problems for the authoritarian state.