chapter  i
28 Pages

Trade, Standards and Biosafety

In general, biosafety refers to efforts to ensure safety in using, transporting, transferring, handling, releasing and disposing of genetically modified organisms when they are considered potentially capable of affecting human, animal or plant health, or the environment. Currently, fifty-two countries worldwide have specific biosafety regulations. However, only eleven countries in Latin America and the Caribbean (LAC) have similar legal biosafety safeguards.2