chapter  5
12 Pages

Quantum Measurements

WithNelson Bolivar, Gabriel Abellán

A transition would lead the system from its original superposition state to another state, in which the system and the measuring apparatus acquire definite properties. The problem of measurement is approached from the theory of environment-induced decoherence. This theoretical program, based on the study of the effects of the interaction between a quantum system, is considered as an open system and its environment. In turn, even the measurement problem has been reformulated, expanding its scope. As Schlosshauer points out, the conceptual difficulties of quantum measurement can now be concentrated around two cases: The definite outcome, which consists of the traditional question about quantum measurement. The problem of the preferred basis: since there is a theoretical ambiguity in the definition of the observable measured due to the mathematical possibility of a base change in the expression of the system state.