Cross-cultural psychology: epistemology and ontology
By the turn of the twentieth century questions like Darwin’s about the cultural universals of various aspects of human behaviour and psychological functioning were increasingly being asked. In particular, for a branch of psychology with a special interest in placing psychology in a global context, searching for human universals became a driving force for formulating research questions. Cultural universals are aspects of behaviour and experience that are common to all cultural settings. Cross-cultural psychology is an approach that is favoured by a large proportion of global psychologists, though as will learn it is not the only approach. It is an essentially culture-comparative approach to relationship between culture and psychology, and as such can be contrasted with cultural psychology.