Deployment of Wireless Sensor Networks in Outdoor Environment Monitoring
Deployment planning is of the utmost importance in the context of Wireless Sensor Networks (WSNs) as it decides the available resources and their configuration for system setup. This in turn plays a key role in the network performance. This chapter discusses the most important properties in the Outdoor Environment Monitoring (OEM) deployment planning, namely connectivity, fault-tolerance, and network lifetime. Connectivity is defined as the ability of the deployed nodes to stay connected with the Base Station (BS) to satisfy the targeted application objectives. Due to the harsh operational conditions where OEM sensor networks are deployed, WSNs are susceptible to unpredictable events such as hardware failures, power leakage, physical damage, environmental interference, and so on. Thus, it is crucial to ensure that WSNs are also fault-tolerant. In the literature, deployments targeting network properties mentioned in this chapter are mainly classified into two categories: random vs. deterministic deployments.