chapter  9
Industrialisation and Urbanisation
WithRobert N. Gwynne
Pages 23

This chapter explores the modern relationship between industrialisation and urbanisation in Latin America. The spatial association of industrialisation with the primate city has had the corollary that towns further down the national urban hierarchy have attracted little industry. Industrialisation has made only a small contribution to the development of small- and medium-sized towns in Latin America. Industrialisation created employment for the rapidly-expanding large cities of Latin America. In Latin America increases in manufacturing employment have not been nearly so dramatic as the growth in urban dwellers. The spatial association of industrialisation with the primate city has had the corollary that towns further down the national urban hierarchy have attracted little industry. The urban dual economy model has generally been used as a framework within which to analyse the lower circuit or small-scale economy. The traditional land-owning classes of Latin America generally had little interest in urban-based manufacturing and other groups were deterred by the risky nature of manufacturing investment.