This chapter discusses the basic requirements of the more common regulations that the safety professional encounters on a routine basis. It covers the following topics: General Duty Clause, Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) Record Keeping, Hazardous Communication Standard, Bloodborne Pathogens, Lockout/Tagout, Confined Space Entry, Respiratory Protection, Powered Industrial Trucks and Aerial Lifts, Personal Protective Equipment (PPE), and Fall Protection. The OSHA was passed into law on December 29, 1970. OSHA requires workers to comply with all safety and health standards that apply to their actions on the job. Each employer having an employee with occupational exposure or potential exposure to bloodborne pathogens shall establish a written Exposure Control Plan designed to eliminate or minimize employee exposure. The employer shall provide training to ensure that the purpose and function of the energy control program are understood by employees and that the knowledge and skills required for the safe application, usage, and removal of the energy controls are acquired by employees.