East–West balance in Hong Kong
This chapter begins by outlining the concept of East–West balance in the context of education policymaking and enactment in Hong Kong. Following the interpretations of the Education Commission, it discusses "East" and "West" from two main angles: Eastern cultures and Western cultures, and traditional Chinese education and modern Western education. It can be inferred that "modern Western education", according to the education authority, is mainly about independent learning, knowledge construction, joy of learning, effective communication, creativity, and holistic education. The mention of "Eastern cultures" and "traditional Chinese education" draws the attention to Hong Kong's relationship with the mainland. The endeavours by the education authority to balance traditional Chinese cultures and education on the one hand, and modern Western cultures and education on the other, have generated opportunities, dilemmas, and conflicts for Hong Kong. The assimilation of modern Western cultures and education in liberal studies is noticeable from its curricular aim and recommended pedagogy.