This conclusion presents some closing thoughts on the key concepts discussed in the preceding chapters of this book. The book outlines the international architecture is largely designed to support individual nation-states and is ill-equipped to deal with the sorts of cross-border conflict. It concerns the questions surrounding what the international community can do about the effects of conflict. The book concentrates a lot of material into a very small space and has hopefully opened up a series of future questions for discussion. It provides a glossary of terms and acronyms used in the security and development world and also a bibliography that provides far more reading, both in academic terms and also with regard to contemporary policy. The book outlines the very close links that exist between policy and academic work in this area, but this raises an epistemological dilemma regarding analytical approaches to conflict, security and development in poor countries.