The Conclusion provides an overview of patterns that can be seen in the genocide in Aceh. It explains how records from Aceh prove the military understood and implemented the genocide as a centralised national campaign. It reflects on similarities between the Indonesian genocide and other cases of genocide. The Conclusion ends by returning to the present. It asks what should be done now that military accountability for the killings can be proven and reflects on the possibility of justice for victims and survivors of the genocide. It explains why the Indonesian state will not, of its own volition, pursue a truth-seeking process without substantial pressure from the international community and calls upon readers to take up this challenge.