chapter  1
26 Pages


The triumph of the Bolsheviks in the Russian Civil War was the first great crack in the system of international relations established by the vic­ torious Allies at the end of World War I. As Winston Churchill and a few other farsighted statesmen had foreseen, this event placed the entire Versailles arrangement in jeopardy almost before it had begun to func­ tion. A system based on the enforcement of shared liberal values through the League of Nations and other multilateral arrangements could not eas­ ily function effectively if one of the most powerful European states was led by a political movement that not only rejected those values but openly proclaimed its intention to actively undermine them.