chapter  4
24 Pages

Waves and Cycles as Modes of Change

Some 500 years before Christ, Parmenides remarked that there is nothing

new under the sun. In fact, he went on, there is neither evolution nor

movement, but only unchangeable, persisting being. Our senses, which

convey a world in motion, are deceiving us. Yet, at about the same time,

Heraclitus asserted that everything is flowing, nothing lasts. His dialectical

theory interprets the law o f development as the evolutionary flow o f the

continuous interaction o f opposing forces at different levels (Storig 1961).