chapter  11
4 Pages

Know Thy Enemy

(Speech delivered to the Herzliya Conference)
WithMartin Kramer

My role here this morning is to serve as a proxy for “the enemy.” Now it might have been more interesting to invite “the enemy” and have him speak for himself. But Israel has so many enemies that one wouldn’t know quite where to start. And once one goes beyond “enemy” to include “regional adversaries,” as our panel title does, the list grows long. Then if I define these adversaries from a dual perspective, American and Israeli, the list becomes a who’s who. It includes states like Iran and Syria, an array of Islamist movements, Sunni and Shi‘ite, and insurgents and terrorists of all stripes. As someone once said, friends come and go, but enemies accumulate.