Third Party Views
This chapter explores the third party's attitude, where the third party is "the one told to." The contempt toward informers by the third party can be found in numerous places. Ideational" morality, as is often the case, is modified by reality. Reality allows a "stretching" of values, and the individual hence tends to "negotiate" with himself or with others. Informers may also be purely instrumental, a mean of achieving a goal - not even underlying contempt or sympathy may be present. This chapter discusses that some informers are given the role of heroes rather unquestioningly. In the case where the third party wishes to redefine its informant from a shadowy image to that of a good, dutiful citizen, the use of language seems to be very significant. The third party - the told to - often has a contemptuous attitude towards the informer, even when the betrayal may benefit him.