This chapter describes the structure of the Soviet propaganda apparatus, the development of the Middle East issue, its main themes, instruments and techniques. An attempt has been made to demonstrate the vigor of Soviet propaganda, its hostility and aggressiveness, the energy invested in this tremendous effort to mobilize people's minds and control their behavior, by carefully preconceived exploitation of people's negative and positive sentiments. Soviet propaganda is rooted in action. It is designed to supplement other, more concrete actions of the Soviet Government. The increased diplomatic activity was matched by a parallel stepping-up of Soviet propaganda. Soviet Jews do not need the patronage and concern of Israel's rulers whose hands are spattered with the blood of Arabs and who have involved their people in bloody war. While major changes and developments of Soviet foreign policy are immediately reflected by Soviet propaganda, changes in Soviet foreign propaganda precede similar developments in the foreign policy of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics.