Creating "Creation Science" In chapter 1, I argued that many sociological accounts of the role and position of science in modernity adopt the discourse of rationalization in which a monolithic science is presented as impacting in a uniform way on the wider culture and consciousness of the modem. It is now time to focus on how this discourse works in those specific accounts directed at under standing and explaining creation science. This involves showing how creation science is constructed to suit the rationalization hypothesis. Within this hypothesis, science is presented as a separate kind of thing, which behaves in one kind of way in relation to the wider society: Science acts and society reacts. Given this, creation science itself is presented as a response to this influence. It is also presented as not science, as a thing outside of science, clearly demarcated from it, and as a phenomenon that has reappeared in an unexpected and surprising way, like an unwanted weed, thrusting back into a tidy social order when it was thought to have been eradicated. A key point is that creationism is constructed as new, albeit in the sense of a return of the departed, and like science only in the sense of being another monolithic entity, albeit one that is essentially religious, rather than scientific.