chapter  14
27 Pages

Organizational Structure and Design

ELEMENTS OF ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE Job Specialization

Departmentalization Centralization and Decentralization

Span of Control

COMMON ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURES Simple Structure

Bureaucracy INTERNATIONAL Focus On Bureaucracies: The Red Tide

Organic Structures RESEARCH IN ACTION: From Downsizing to Responsible Restructuring

FACTORS INFLUENCING CHOICE OF ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE The Internal Environment The External Environment

Technology The Organizational Life Cycle

TECHNOLOGY Focus On Organizational Size: Are Big Companies Becoming Obsolete? Strategy

Focus On Strategy: Strategic Imperatives for the 21 st Century

SYMPTOMS OF DESIGN DEFICIENCIES Organizational Conflicts

GIANT P&G NEEDS TO CLEAN UP ITS ACT

Procter & Gamble (P&G) is known for products that get out the dirt andleave sinks, clothes, and teeth clean and sparkling. But now, shamed by the competition, the cosmetics and detergents giant itself is having to clean up its act.