chapter  8
48 Pages

Children’s Learning, Thinking, and Remembering

Obviously, 4-year-old Jason did know how to think; he just didn’t know that he did. The term thinking has a fairly specific meaning for most people. People “think” when they need to solve a difficult problem; something that can be done easily and automatically is said to be done “without thinking.” Perception and attention involve important cognitive abilities, but recognizing a face or attending to a stimulus is not what people generally mean by “thinking.” In this chapter, we focus on those activities that come to mind for most people when they think about “thinking”: learning, problem-solving strategies, memory, and metacognition (what children know about their own thinking).