chapter  18
11 Pages

Out-of-Level Testing Revisited: New Concerns in the Era of Standards-Based Reform: Martha L. Thurlow, John Bielinski, Jane Minnema, and James Scott

As with most educational practices, out-of-level testing has gone in and out of favor over

the years. Testing a student at a level above or below his or her grade level is referred to

variously as out-of-level testing, off-level testing, functional-level testing, and

instructional-level testing. Variations of the practice emerge in tailored testing and

adaptive testing.