chapter  2
19 Pages

Validation of the Uses and Interpretations of Results of State Assessment and Accountability Systems: Robert L. Linn

The purpose of this chapter is to provide an overview of validity within the context of

current assessment and accountability systems mandated and developed by states in

recent years. Following usage in the Standards for Educational and Psychological

Testing (American Educational Research Association, American Psychological

Association, & National Council on Measurement in Education, 1999), hereafter referred

to as the Test Standards, we use the term test in a broad sense to include any systematic

evaluative device or assessment procedure. We make frequent reference to the Test

Standards, using them as an organizing tool to discuss the types of evidence and logical

arguments that those responsible for state assessment and accountability systems should

develop to evaluate the validity of the uses and interpretations that are made of the

results. We begin with a brief overview of the concept of validity and the way in which

thinking about validity in the measurement profession has evolved over time. We then

turn to a discussion of specific uses and interpretations of results of state assessment and

accountability systems and the requirements of the Test Standards to evaluate the validity

of those uses and interpretations.