chapter  11
18 Pages

Some Key Factors Affecting English Learners’ Development of Advanced Literacy

In earlier papers (Scarcella 1996,1999), I argued that much of the second language (L2) research has been inappropriately applied to classroom instruction. Re­ searchers who synthesized studies on adult L2 students were telling public school teachers to reduce the amount of English language instruction that they gave their students in Grades K through 12. They held that English language development occurred in natural stages over time through the learner’s exposure to English and that instruction was not necessary. As a result of such advice, I argued, a significant number of students were languishing in California public schools. I suggested that much of the L2 research underlying the advice was outdated or applied incorrectly and that California’s diverse immigrant populations had suffered as a result.