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What we see in the rulings explored and analyzed here, and how the First Amendment is interpreted, serve as a framework. They are precedents to future decisions. As Reno co-counsel John Morris said with regard to that case, “I think this decision will continue to be the starting point for 50 years-for a very long time it will be where courts start when they evaluate regulation of the Internet. ” Many of these cases have had, and will continue to have, similar legacies. These and similar cases will serve as models for future cases. Already, many of them are cited and relied upon for the mod-

1 Steven H. Shiffrin, The First Amendment, Democracy, and Romance 5 (1990).