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Fiber reinforced composite materials encompass a wide range of material classes from reinforced glasses, plastics, and rubbers through to more recently developed metals and ceramics. Fundamentals of Fibre Reinforced Composite Materials is a comprehensive and authoritative book that introduces the topic with a brief history of composite development, a review of composite applications, the types of fibre used, and their respective indiviual properties. An entire chapter considers organic matrices and their behavior, reviewing all of the most commonly encountered polymer matrix systems. Composite manufacturing techniques are then discussed, including those methods employed in the production of advanced metal and ceramic matrix composites.

The remaining chapters are devoted primarily to theoretical treatments of composite behavior, with emphasis on the understanding of damage mechanisms such as cracking, delamination, and fibre breakage. Where a mathematical approach is required, an attempt is made to relate the sometimes rather abstract notions back at the structure of the material being discussed.

With extensive sets of sample problems accompanying each chapter, Fundamentals of Fibre Reinforced Composite Materials is ideally suited to undergraduate and graduate students of materials science, structural, mechanical, and aeronautical engineering, polymer science, metallurgy, physics and chemistry. It will also be of use as a reference to researchers working with composite materials and material scientists in general.

Introduction

Production and Markets

Applications

Conclusions

Bibliography

Revision Exercises

Fibre Reinforcements

Fibre Development

Organic Fibres

Glass Fibres

Chemical Vapor Deposition Monofilaments

Carbon Fibes

Alumina-based Fibres

SiC-based Fibres

Continuous Monocrystalline Filaments

Whiskers

Statistical Analysis of Fibre Properties

Conclusion

Revision Exercises

References

Organic Matrices

Introduction

Resin Structure

Matrix Mechanical Behavior

Thermosetting Matrix Systems

Thermoplastic Matrix Materials

Properties of Fibre Reinforced Composites

Conclusions

Revision Exercises

References

Composite Manufacturing Processes

Introduction

Reinforcements

Resin Matrix Processes

Metal Matrix Composite Manufacture

Carbon-carbon Composites

Ceramic Matrix Composites

Revision Exercises

References

Constitutive Relations of a Continuum and Their Applications to Composite Behavior

Introduction

Principle of Determinism

Principle of Local Action

Principle of Material Frame-indifference

Thermodynamically Admissible Processes

Anisotropic Linear Elastic Materials

Material Symmetry

Monoclinic Material

Orthotropic Material

Transversally Isotropic Material

Isotropic Materials

Plane Stress Assumption

Transformation of Stresses and Strains

Transformed Constitutive Law of Lamina

Conclusion

Revision Exercises

Reference

Micromechanical Models of Composite Behavior

Introduction

Principles of Homogenization

Theory of "Effective Moduli" Methods

Effective Moduli: The Rule of Mixtures

"Self-consistent" Models

"Bounding" Methods

The "Averaging Method" for a Periodic Medium

Conclusion

Revision Exercises

References

Micromechanisms of Reinforcement and Failure

Fibre-matrix Load Transfer

Unidirectional reinforcement

Off-axis Loading

Crossplied Composites

Reinforcement Efficiency of a Crossplied Composite

Compressive Behavior

Short fibre Composites

Failure of a Composite

The Process of Crack Propagation

Conclusion

Revision Exercises

References

Theory and Analysis of Laminated Composites

Basic Lamina and Laminated Structures

First-Order Two-Dimensional Analysis

Three-Dimensional Approach

Conclusions

Revision Exercises

Failure Criteria for Composites

Introduction

The Ply Strength Constants

Maximum Stress Criterion and Strain Criterion

Quadratic Criterion in Stress Space or in Strain Space

Transformation Equations for Failure Criteria

Progressive Ply Failures in Laminates

Physical Failure Mechanisms in Composite Materials

Conclusions

Revision Exercises

References

Damage in Composites: From Physical Mechanisms to Modeling

Failure Criteria Based on a Multi-scale Approach

Intra-ply Cracking or Multiple Transverse Cracking

Inter-ply Cracking: Delamination

Fibre Breakage

Conclusion

Revision Exercises

References

The Long-Term Behavior of Composite Materials

Introduction

The Effects of Long-term Mechanical Loading on Advanced Fibre Composites

Fatigue Deterioration of Composites

Environmental Aging

Corrosion of Metal Matrix Composites

Ceramic Matrix Composites

Conclusions

Revision Exercises

References

Fiber reinforced composite materials encompass a wide range of material classes from reinforced glasses, plastics, and rubbers through to more recently developed metals and ceramics. Fundamentals of Fibre Reinforced Composite Materials is a comprehensive and authoritative book that introduces the topic with a brief history of composite development, a review of composite applications, the types of fibre used, and their respective indiviual properties. An entire chapter considers organic matrices and their behavior, reviewing all of the most commonly encountered polymer matrix systems. Composite manufacturing techniques are then discussed, including those methods employed in the production of advanced metal and ceramic matrix composites.

The remaining chapters are devoted primarily to theoretical treatments of composite behavior, with emphasis on the understanding of damage mechanisms such as cracking, delamination, and fibre breakage. Where a mathematical approach is required, an attempt is made to relate the sometimes rather abstract notions back at the structure of the material being discussed.

With extensive sets of sample problems accompanying each chapter, Fundamentals of Fibre Reinforced Composite Materials is ideally suited to undergraduate and graduate students of materials science, structural, mechanical, and aeronautical engineering, polymer science, metallurgy, physics and chemistry. It will also be of use as a reference to researchers working with composite materials and material scientists in general.

Introduction

Production and Markets

Applications

Conclusions

Bibliography

Revision Exercises

Fibre Reinforcements

Fibre Development

Organic Fibres

Glass Fibres

Chemical Vapor Deposition Monofilaments

Carbon Fibes

Alumina-based Fibres

SiC-based Fibres

Continuous Monocrystalline Filaments

Whiskers

Statistical Analysis of Fibre Properties

Conclusion

Revision Exercises

References

Organic Matrices

Introduction

Resin Structure

Matrix Mechanical Behavior

Thermosetting Matrix Systems

Thermoplastic Matrix Materials

Properties of Fibre Reinforced Composites

Conclusions

Revision Exercises

References

Composite Manufacturing Processes

Introduction

Reinforcements

Resin Matrix Processes

Metal Matrix Composite Manufacture

Carbon-carbon Composites

Ceramic Matrix Composites

Revision Exercises

References

Constitutive Relations of a Continuum and Their Applications to Composite Behavior

Introduction

Principle of Determinism

Principle of Local Action

Principle of Material Frame-indifference

Thermodynamically Admissible Processes

Anisotropic Linear Elastic Materials

Material Symmetry

Monoclinic Material

Orthotropic Material

Transversally Isotropic Material

Isotropic Materials

Plane Stress Assumption

Transformation of Stresses and Strains

Transformed Constitutive Law of Lamina

Conclusion

Revision Exercises

Reference

Micromechanical Models of Composite Behavior

Introduction

Principles of Homogenization

Theory of "Effective Moduli" Methods

Effective Moduli: The Rule of Mixtures

"Self-consistent" Models

"Bounding" Methods

The "Averaging Method" for a Periodic Medium

Conclusion

Revision Exercises

References

Micromechanisms of Reinforcement and Failure

Fibre-matrix Load Transfer

Unidirectional reinforcement

Off-axis Loading

Crossplied Composites

Reinforcement Efficiency of a Crossplied Composite

Compressive Behavior

Short fibre Composites

Failure of a Composite

The Process of Crack Propagation

Conclusion

Revision Exercises

References

Theory and Analysis of Laminated Composites

Basic Lamina and Laminated Structures

First-Order Two-Dimensional Analysis

Three-Dimensional Approach

Conclusions

Revision Exercises

Failure Criteria for Composites

Introduction

The Ply Strength Constants

Maximum Stress Criterion and Strain Criterion

Quadratic Criterion in Stress Space or in Strain Space

Transformation Equations for Failure Criteria

Progressive Ply Failures in Laminates

Physical Failure Mechanisms in Composite Materials

Conclusions

Revision Exercises

References

Damage in Composites: From Physical Mechanisms to Modeling

Failure Criteria Based on a Multi-scale Approach

Intra-ply Cracking or Multiple Transverse Cracking

Inter-ply Cracking: Delamination

Fibre Breakage

Conclusion

Revision Exercises

References

The Long-Term Behavior of Composite Materials

Introduction

The Effects of Long-term Mechanical Loading on Advanced Fibre Composites

Fatigue Deterioration of Composites

Environmental Aging

Corrosion of Metal Matrix Composites

Ceramic Matrix Composites

Conclusions

Revision Exercises

References

Fiber reinforced composite materials encompass a wide range of material classes from reinforced glasses, plastics, and rubbers through to more recently developed metals and ceramics. Fundamentals of Fibre Reinforced Composite Materials is a comprehensive and authoritative book that introduces the topic with a brief history of composite development, a review of composite applications, the types of fibre used, and their respective indiviual properties. An entire chapter considers organic matrices and their behavior, reviewing all of the most commonly encountered polymer matrix systems. Composite manufacturing techniques are then discussed, including those methods employed in the production of advanced metal and ceramic matrix composites.

The remaining chapters are devoted primarily to theoretical treatments of composite behavior, with emphasis on the understanding of damage mechanisms such as cracking, delamination, and fibre breakage. Where a mathematical approach is required, an attempt is made to relate the sometimes rather abstract notions back at the structure of the material being discussed.

With extensive sets of sample problems accompanying each chapter, Fundamentals of Fibre Reinforced Composite Materials is ideally suited to undergraduate and graduate students of materials science, structural, mechanical, and aeronautical engineering, polymer science, metallurgy, physics and chemistry. It will also be of use as a reference to researchers working with composite materials and material scientists in general.

Introduction

Production and Markets

Applications

Conclusions

Bibliography

Revision Exercises

Fibre Reinforcements

Fibre Development

Organic Fibres

Glass Fibres

Chemical Vapor Deposition Monofilaments

Carbon Fibes

Alumina-based Fibres

SiC-based Fibres

Continuous Monocrystalline Filaments

Whiskers

Statistical Analysis of Fibre Properties

Conclusion

Revision Exercises

References

Organic Matrices

Introduction

Resin Structure

Matrix Mechanical Behavior

Thermosetting Matrix Systems

Thermoplastic Matrix Materials

Properties of Fibre Reinforced Composites

Conclusions

Revision Exercises

References

Composite Manufacturing Processes

Introduction

Reinforcements

Resin Matrix Processes

Metal Matrix Composite Manufacture

Carbon-carbon Composites

Ceramic Matrix Composites

Revision Exercises

References

Constitutive Relations of a Continuum and Their Applications to Composite Behavior

Introduction

Principle of Determinism

Principle of Local Action

Principle of Material Frame-indifference

Thermodynamically Admissible Processes

Anisotropic Linear Elastic Materials

Material Symmetry

Monoclinic Material

Orthotropic Material

Transversally Isotropic Material

Isotropic Materials

Plane Stress Assumption

Transformation of Stresses and Strains

Transformed Constitutive Law of Lamina

Conclusion

Revision Exercises

Reference

Micromechanical Models of Composite Behavior

Introduction

Principles of Homogenization

Theory of "Effective Moduli" Methods

Effective Moduli: The Rule of Mixtures

"Self-consistent" Models

"Bounding" Methods

The "Averaging Method" for a Periodic Medium

Conclusion

Revision Exercises

References

Micromechanisms of Reinforcement and Failure

Fibre-matrix Load Transfer

Unidirectional reinforcement

Off-axis Loading

Crossplied Composites

Reinforcement Efficiency of a Crossplied Composite

Compressive Behavior

Short fibre Composites

Failure of a Composite

The Process of Crack Propagation

Conclusion

Revision Exercises

References

Theory and Analysis of Laminated Composites

Basic Lamina and Laminated Structures

First-Order Two-Dimensional Analysis

Three-Dimensional Approach

Conclusions

Revision Exercises

Failure Criteria for Composites

Introduction

The Ply Strength Constants

Maximum Stress Criterion and Strain Criterion

Quadratic Criterion in Stress Space or in Strain Space

Transformation Equations for Failure Criteria

Progressive Ply Failures in Laminates

Physical Failure Mechanisms in Composite Materials

Conclusions

Revision Exercises

References

Damage in Composites: From Physical Mechanisms to Modeling

Failure Criteria Based on a Multi-scale Approach

Intra-ply Cracking or Multiple Transverse Cracking

Inter-ply Cracking: Delamination

Fibre Breakage

Conclusion

Revision Exercises

References

The Long-Term Behavior of Composite Materials

Introduction

The Effects of Long-term Mechanical Loading on Advanced Fibre Composites

Fatigue Deterioration of Composites

Environmental Aging

Corrosion of Metal Matrix Composites

Ceramic Matrix Composites

Conclusions

Revision Exercises

References

Introduction

Production and Markets

Applications

Conclusions

Bibliography

Revision Exercises

Fibre Reinforcements

Fibre Development

Organic Fibres

Glass Fibres

Chemical Vapor Deposition Monofilaments

Carbon Fibes

Alumina-based Fibres

SiC-based Fibres

Continuous Monocrystalline Filaments

Whiskers

Statistical Analysis of Fibre Properties

Conclusion

Revision Exercises

References

Organic Matrices

Introduction

Resin Structure

Matrix Mechanical Behavior

Thermosetting Matrix Systems

Thermoplastic Matrix Materials

Properties of Fibre Reinforced Composites

Conclusions

Revision Exercises

References

Composite Manufacturing Processes

Introduction

Reinforcements

Resin Matrix Processes

Metal Matrix Composite Manufacture

Carbon-carbon Composites

Ceramic Matrix Composites

Revision Exercises

References

Constitutive Relations of a Continuum and Their Applications to Composite Behavior

Introduction

Principle of Determinism

Principle of Local Action

Principle of Material Frame-indifference

Thermodynamically Admissible Processes

Anisotropic Linear Elastic Materials

Material Symmetry

Monoclinic Material

Orthotropic Material

Transversally Isotropic Material

Isotropic Materials

Plane Stress Assumption

Transformation of Stresses and Strains

Transformed Constitutive Law of Lamina

Conclusion

Revision Exercises

Reference

Micromechanical Models of Composite Behavior

Introduction

Principles of Homogenization

Theory of "Effective Moduli" Methods

Effective Moduli: The Rule of Mixtures

"Self-consistent" Models

"Bounding" Methods

The "Averaging Method" for a Periodic Medium

Conclusion

Revision Exercises

References

Micromechanisms of Reinforcement and Failure

Fibre-matrix Load Transfer

Unidirectional reinforcement

Off-axis Loading

Crossplied Composites

Reinforcement Efficiency of a Crossplied Composite

Compressive Behavior

Short fibre Composites

Failure of a Composite

The Process of Crack Propagation

Conclusion

Revision Exercises

References

Theory and Analysis of Laminated Composites

Basic Lamina and Laminated Structures

First-Order Two-Dimensional Analysis

Three-Dimensional Approach

Conclusions

Revision Exercises

Failure Criteria for Composites

Introduction

The Ply Strength Constants

Maximum Stress Criterion and Strain Criterion

Quadratic Criterion in Stress Space or in Strain Space

Transformation Equations for Failure Criteria

Progressive Ply Failures in Laminates

Physical Failure Mechanisms in Composite Materials

Conclusions

Revision Exercises

References

Damage in Composites: From Physical Mechanisms to Modeling

Failure Criteria Based on a Multi-scale Approach

Intra-ply Cracking or Multiple Transverse Cracking

Inter-ply Cracking: Delamination

Fibre Breakage

Conclusion

Revision Exercises

References

The Long-Term Behavior of Composite Materials

Introduction

The Effects of Long-term Mechanical Loading on Advanced Fibre Composites

Fatigue Deterioration of Composites

Environmental Aging

Corrosion of Metal Matrix Composites

Ceramic Matrix Composites

Conclusions

Revision Exercises

References

Introduction

Production and Markets

Applications

Conclusions

Bibliography

Revision Exercises

Fibre Reinforcements

Fibre Development

Organic Fibres

Glass Fibres

Chemical Vapor Deposition Monofilaments

Carbon Fibes

Alumina-based Fibres

SiC-based Fibres

Continuous Monocrystalline Filaments

Whiskers

Statistical Analysis of Fibre Properties

Conclusion

Revision Exercises

References

Organic Matrices

Introduction

Resin Structure

Matrix Mechanical Behavior

Thermosetting Matrix Systems

Thermoplastic Matrix Materials

Properties of Fibre Reinforced Composites

Conclusions

Revision Exercises

References

Composite Manufacturing Processes

Introduction

Reinforcements

Resin Matrix Processes

Metal Matrix Composite Manufacture

Carbon-carbon Composites

Ceramic Matrix Composites

Revision Exercises

References

Constitutive Relations of a Continuum and Their Applications to Composite Behavior

Introduction

Principle of Determinism

Principle of Local Action

Principle of Material Frame-indifference

Thermodynamically Admissible Processes

Anisotropic Linear Elastic Materials

Material Symmetry

Monoclinic Material

Orthotropic Material

Transversally Isotropic Material

Isotropic Materials

Plane Stress Assumption

Transformation of Stresses and Strains

Transformed Constitutive Law of Lamina

Conclusion

Revision Exercises

Reference

Micromechanical Models of Composite Behavior

Introduction

Principles of Homogenization

Theory of "Effective Moduli" Methods

Effective Moduli: The Rule of Mixtures

"Self-consistent" Models

"Bounding" Methods

The "Averaging Method" for a Periodic Medium

Conclusion

Revision Exercises

References

Micromechanisms of Reinforcement and Failure

Fibre-matrix Load Transfer

Unidirectional reinforcement

Off-axis Loading

Crossplied Composites

Reinforcement Efficiency of a Crossplied Composite

Compressive Behavior

Short fibre Composites

Failure of a Composite

The Process of Crack Propagation

Conclusion

Revision Exercises

References

Theory and Analysis of Laminated Composites

Basic Lamina and Laminated Structures

First-Order Two-Dimensional Analysis

Three-Dimensional Approach

Conclusions

Revision Exercises

Failure Criteria for Composites

Introduction

The Ply Strength Constants

Maximum Stress Criterion and Strain Criterion

Quadratic Criterion in Stress Space or in Strain Space

Transformation Equations for Failure Criteria

Progressive Ply Failures in Laminates

Physical Failure Mechanisms in Composite Materials

Conclusions

Revision Exercises

References

Damage in Composites: From Physical Mechanisms to Modeling

Failure Criteria Based on a Multi-scale Approach

Intra-ply Cracking or Multiple Transverse Cracking

Inter-ply Cracking: Delamination

Fibre Breakage

Conclusion

Revision Exercises

References

The Long-Term Behavior of Composite Materials

Introduction

The Effects of Long-term Mechanical Loading on Advanced Fibre Composites

Fatigue Deterioration of Composites

Environmental Aging

Corrosion of Metal Matrix Composites

Ceramic Matrix Composites

Conclusions

Revision Exercises

References

Introduction

Production and Markets

Applications

Conclusions

Bibliography

Revision Exercises

Fibre Reinforcements

Fibre Development

Organic Fibres

Glass Fibres

Chemical Vapor Deposition Monofilaments

Carbon Fibes

Alumina-based Fibres

SiC-based Fibres

Continuous Monocrystalline Filaments

Whiskers

Statistical Analysis of Fibre Properties

Conclusion

Revision Exercises

References

Organic Matrices

Introduction

Resin Structure

Matrix Mechanical Behavior

Thermosetting Matrix Systems

Thermoplastic Matrix Materials

Properties of Fibre Reinforced Composites

Conclusions

Revision Exercises

References

Composite Manufacturing Processes

Introduction

Reinforcements

Resin Matrix Processes

Metal Matrix Composite Manufacture

Carbon-carbon Composites

Ceramic Matrix Composites

Revision Exercises

References

Constitutive Relations of a Continuum and Their Applications to Composite Behavior

Introduction

Principle of Determinism

Principle of Local Action

Principle of Material Frame-indifference

Thermodynamically Admissible Processes

Anisotropic Linear Elastic Materials

Material Symmetry

Monoclinic Material

Orthotropic Material

Transversally Isotropic Material

Isotropic Materials

Plane Stress Assumption

Transformation of Stresses and Strains

Transformed Constitutive Law of Lamina

Conclusion

Revision Exercises

Reference

Micromechanical Models of Composite Behavior

Introduction

Principles of Homogenization

Theory of "Effective Moduli" Methods

Effective Moduli: The Rule of Mixtures

"Self-consistent" Models

"Bounding" Methods

The "Averaging Method" for a Periodic Medium

Conclusion

Revision Exercises

References

Micromechanisms of Reinforcement and Failure

Fibre-matrix Load Transfer

Unidirectional reinforcement

Off-axis Loading

Crossplied Composites

Reinforcement Efficiency of a Crossplied Composite

Compressive Behavior

Short fibre Composites

Failure of a Composite

The Process of Crack Propagation

Conclusion

Revision Exercises

References

Theory and Analysis of Laminated Composites

Basic Lamina and Laminated Structures

First-Order Two-Dimensional Analysis

Three-Dimensional Approach

Conclusions

Revision Exercises

Failure Criteria for Composites

Introduction

The Ply Strength Constants

Maximum Stress Criterion and Strain Criterion

Quadratic Criterion in Stress Space or in Strain Space

Transformation Equations for Failure Criteria

Progressive Ply Failures in Laminates

Physical Failure Mechanisms in Composite Materials

Conclusions

Revision Exercises

References

Damage in Composites: From Physical Mechanisms to Modeling

Failure Criteria Based on a Multi-scale Approach

Intra-ply Cracking or Multiple Transverse Cracking

Inter-ply Cracking: Delamination

Fibre Breakage

Conclusion

Revision Exercises

References

The Long-Term Behavior of Composite Materials

Introduction

The Effects of Long-term Mechanical Loading on Advanced Fibre Composites

Fatigue Deterioration of Composites

Environmental Aging

Corrosion of Metal Matrix Composites

Ceramic Matrix Composites

Conclusions

Revision Exercises

References