chapter  3
Who Runs Europe?
Pages 18

Since the first European Community (ECSC) was created, the Member States have delegated powers to a number o f supranational institutions who ‘run’ the Communities on their behalf. Together, these institutions form the Government o f the European Union, taking decisions, creating laws and spending money on a joint (Community), rather than individual (State) basis, but only in areas in which they have been provided with the authority so to do. The Member States still retain the power to create and amend the constitutional rules o f the EU, as has been done through a variety o f Treaties, such as the Treaty of European Union (TEU), the Treaty o f Amsterdam (ToA) and the Treaty of Nice (ToN), and they continue to be solely responsible in areas that lie outside the competence of the EC.