Technology, Science and the Economy
If we want to understand the view of technology that informs public decisions about technology in contemporary society, we need to look at government policy on technology. What we find is that policy is rarely about technology alone, but about ‘science and technology’, or ‘science and innovation’. Scientific research is regarded as resulting in technological innovation and that innovation is considered essential for the competitiveness of the national economy. This raises questions about what science is, whether science is inherently technological and the role of science in technological innovation. Does the relationship between science and technology mean that science, like technology, should be subject to political control? What is the role of technological change in economic growth? How should we conceive the relationship between the economy and the world of which technology is a part?