Regulations set the requirements that activities must adhere to and enforcement authorities determine whether these requirements have been complied with. However, the fundamental objective of such authorities is to ensure that the environment and health are protected. Therefore, it is beneﬁcial if authorities take proactive steps to help activities to achieve compliance. Such activity is commonly called ‘compliance promotion’. Concrete compliance promotion actions should form part of the strategies of enforcement authorities. Nonetheless, it is important to note that compliance promotion alone is not suﬃcient – it needs to be part of an overall strategy that includes enforcement.