A global trading system based on a negotiating framework cannot deliver fair out-
comes unless its members have the capacity to both negotiate international trade
agreements and extract benefits from them that are in their interest. None of the
reforms proposed in this book will bring the hoped-for results unless developing
countries gain the capacity to use the reforms effectively in achieving their devel-
opment goals. Strengthening the capacities of developing countries, especially the
least developed countries, is therefore a crucial part of a human development-
oriented multilateral trading regime.