Practical actions for a low-carbon society
Shimada (2007) focused on the sustainability challenge in Shiga prefecture, Japan. Here, the challenge is to restore water quality in Lake Biwa, reduce the volume of waste going to landfill by 75% and reduce C 0 2 emissions by 50% by 2030. The plan involves a three-way partnership between citizens, business and local government. The goal is that the partners will share economic benefits as well as environmental gains through 'sustainable taxation' and 'sustainable finance'. Specific measures would include environmental regulations, regulations on land use and construction, subsidies for advanced technologies, voluntary environmental action plans, and awareness/ education programmes. This case study highlighted the central role that governments must play in taking forward the low-carbon society concept.