To maintain progress
The achievement of sustainability in national development requires a strategic approach, which is both long-term in its perspective and integrated or ‘joined-up’ in linking various development processes so that they are as sophisticated as the challenges are complex. A strategic approach at the national level implies:
linking long-term vision to medium-term targets and short-term action; ‘horizontal’ linkages across sectors, so that there is a coordinated approach to development; ‘vertical’ spatial linkages, so that local, national and global policy, development efforts and
governance are all mutually supportive; and genuine partnership between government, business, and community and voluntary organizations,
since the problems are too complex to be resolved by any group acting alone.