Conclusions: The Ecology of the New Civics
Distinction – identiﬁcation, categorization, ordering, valorizing – is integral to the way in which we, both individually and collectively, make sense of the world. Distinctions help us negotiate life and discover our identities. Without them we are, eﬀectively, paralysed. However, when we distinguish between people and then cultures and ethnicities, our distinctions can become foci for hatred and stereotyping, especially in times of crisis such as severe economic austerity. Diﬀerences then appear starker and groups polarize.