chapter
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Introduction to Part Five

Trees have always been important to people, yet social issues are often poorly understood by forest managers. Forests frequently supply a combination of goods and services to a range of different people, often at the same time. The beneficiaries of forest goods and services may be local, national or global. Sustainable forest management recognizes all the goods (for example, timber, food, fuel and medicinal plants) and services (protection of water supply, soils and even climate) which people obtain from forests, including:

• wood products; • non-timber forest products (NTFPs); • watershed conservation; • soil conservation; • wind and noise control; • natural scenery; • recreation and eco-tourism; • culture and religion; • microclimate regulation; • climatic stability; • carbon storage; • maintenance of biological diversity and High Conservation Values in forest ecosystems.