chapter  2
24 Pages

Analytical context

This chapter provides a brief overview of the current picture of child health

and maternal health, introducing the multiple perspectives that are developed

in the rest of the report. It also introduces the analytic lens of health equity and

links it to human rights and the multifaceted practice developing under the

rubric of rights-based approaches. These perspectives provide support for the

underlying premise of this report: that analysis of health conditions and inter-

ventions, as well as strategic choices of policies and programs, must be firmly

rooted in their social, economic, and political contexts. Context is not only

cross-sectional. Just as the choices made today have serious consequences for

future conditions and decisions, so the current situation must be understood

in historical context.