chapter  5
9 Pages

Monitoring Goals 4 and 5: targets and indicators

The purpose of targets and indicators is to monitor and measure progress toward

meeting the Goals. But they are important for other reasons as well: in the public

health field, what we count is often what we do. Indicators should not only reflect

movement toward the Goals, they should encourage implementation of priority,

evidence-based interventions. Equally important is the need to ensure that inap-

propriate indicators-or the inappropriate use of acceptable indicators-do not

distort program or policy priorities. In addition, movement toward the target or

indicator should occur in a fashion that promotes equity, so that marginalized

groups, including the poor, progress toward better health outcomes at a pace

that is faster compared to that of better-off groups. Finally, in the Millennium

Development initiative, indicators are the basis for accountability.