chapter  17
17 Pages

Sea and Landscape Planning

Most strategic environmental assessment (SEA) systems have one thing in

common; the quest for effective ways to support the application of SEA. In this

context, integration with existing environmental planning and management

instruments is seen to be of particular importance. There are currently a range of

instruments internationally that offer valuable support for applying SEA



rivel and Wood, 2004). These include, for example, environmental impact

assessment (EIA) in the Netherlands, sustainability appraisal in the UK and

environmental management systems (EMS) in Sweden. In addition, landscape

planning instruments exist in a number of countries (Herberg, 2000).