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14 Pages

Introduction: Why Biofortification?

Biofortification – the enrichment of staple food crops with essential nutrients – has been heralded as a uniquely sustainable solution to the problem of micronutrient deficiency or ‘hidden hunger’. Today, it is argued, poor people worldwide rely on staple crops such as rice, wheat and maize to meet most of their nutritional needs. By breeding or genetically engineering varieties of these crops with higher nutrient levels, the solution to this pressing global problem can be built into the seed itself and reach previously unreachable populations in the remotest areas of the developing world.