Sustainable Fish Provision
Fish is an interesting case to illustrate the dynamics occurring in food provision in an era of globalization, as the place-and time-bounded activities of fishing and fisheries management are increasingly lifted out of their traditional local contexts and re-embedded into global networks and flows. Fish products such as salmon, pangasius and shrimp are sold the world over, while fishing vessels fish at locations far from the coasts of their countries of origin. Global fish trade involves multiple actors, including large private corporations and retailers, often operating at large distances from each other. At the same time, capturing and farming fish remains largely dependent on specific local ecological and climatic conditions, while fish consumption is still well-integrated into particular local eating habits and cultural norms. The realities of global fish trade and local fisheries are inextricably and irreversibly bound together through dynamic relationships in global flows of fish. At the same time, contemporary fish provision generates well-known sustainability impacts, such as depleting (or even collapsing) fish stocks and the use of antibiotics in aquaculture, so securing its sustainability has become an evident, although complicated, challenge.