chapter  10
24 Pages

Restructuring Food Supply: Supermarkets and Sustainability

In the course of just a few decades, supermarkets have become central locations for selling and buying food. In the US and the EU, supermarkets have dominated food retail for some time, but they are also becoming increasingly dominant in developing countries and countries in transition. The spread of supermarkets results from a combination of different societal trends, including rising incomes, urbanization, increasing female participation in the labour force and a desire to emulate Western culture. The rise in supermarkets’ size and number, together with globalization in food provision, has meant that supermarkets have become obligatory passage points for most food sales.