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Module 3: The Problem

They tend to understand Muslim women’s compliance with the so-called “feminine virtues” of shyness, modesty, and humility, as an acceptance of patriarchal norms due to socialization.2 That is to say, if women believe that they should behave in ways that are not in their interest (such as veiling or casting down their eyes when addressing men), they do so only because they are the products of a maledominated culture that has taught them to believe this.