chapter  2
16 Pages

Geotourism in Malaysian Borneo Felix Tongkul

Conventional geological resources (e.g. minerals, rocks, hydrocarbons, water, soils, sands, gravels, clays and salt etc.) have played an important and increasing role in the industrial development of Malaysia and throughout the world. Unfortunately the path to wealth creation has been environmentally destructive, as extraction through mining and quarrying leaves behind considerable unwanted waste that ends up polluting the surrounding areas. Extraction also leaves scars on natural landscapes and alters ecosystem structure and function. In Malaysia, several unique tropical karst morphologies have been destroyed through quarrying for rock aggregates, cement and dimension stones (Komoo and Desa, 1997). As geotourism is focused on the appreciation of the intrinsic values of geological resources, it also falls under the concept of utilization without destruction. This concept is similar to the practice in the evaluation of work of arts and antiquities. The promotion of geotourism is therefore integral to the conservation and systematic development of geological features and landscapes.