Geotourism resources of Iran
Iran is a large Middle Eastern country bounded by the Caspian Sea in the north and the Persian Gulf in the south (Figure 5.1).The 500-km northern coastline and the 1500-km southern one are both formed by water boundaries, while there are numerous lakes throughout the country. Iran also shares borders with Iraq, Turkey, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Turkmenistan, Afghanistan and Pakistan. It has an area of more than 1 500 000 km2 and a population of over 65 million people. In the north it is bounded by the Alborz (sometimes shown as Elburz) Mountains, with the Zagros Mountains in the west. Together they cover half the country, while the remainder comprises forests and fertile plains.The highest point in Iran is Mount Damavand (5671 m) and its lowest part is the Caspian coast, 28 m lower than sea level.