How Much Does Urban Location Matter? A Comparison of Three Science Parks in China
Studies of industry clusters have often shown that geographical concentration is one important feature that has contributed to their success. One argument is that specialized skilled workers and firms may be attracted toward a region once a critical mass of firms within the industry is attracted there. However, there are arguments that clustering in high-tech sectors may follow a completely different pattern. Such hightech clusters often span across not only sectoral but also geographical boundaries. There is no longer a need for the geographical concentration of complete production as was previously the case. Instead knowledge flows and linkages have become key elements in knowledge-based production.