chapter  9
14 Pages

A Path for Policy

WithEwen J. Michael, C. Michael Hall

Not all states of course, are following the same path. Some of the peripheral states in the European Union, such as Ireland, have found it effective to return to taxation and subsidy practices that seek to encourage emerging industries to decentralize, in an effort to spread the benefits of economic growth across a wider community base, using the argument that the costs of support are temporary and will be offset as these industries become more sustainable in the future. In much of continental Europe, the welfare of regional communities remains a priority for public decision makers, particularly at the core in France, Germany and the Benelux countries, but the same commitments are not so apparent in many other states (Sarris, Doucha, & Mathjis, 1999; Fernández, 2002).