BEAMs and Architectural Design in Singapore Public Housing
As the need to be sustainable becomes more apparent, and more buildings lay claim to sustainability, the need to evaluate or score buildings in a numerical and objective way becomes ever more urgent. Several Buildings Environmental Assessment Methods or BEAMs are currently in use. Despite their current adoption, there are admitted problems with them. As architects, we have always argued for a broader understanding of environmental metrics (Ong and Hawkes, 1997; Ong, 1997; Cam, 2003). This broader understanding is necessary both to bring into play aspects that environmental metrics cannot take into account, and to reﬂect and help account for the way architects approach design. This chapter extends our argument.