Ecopet 21: An Innovative Sustainable Building System for Ecological Communities in Tropical Regions
With the advent of the Industrial Revolution, during the middle of the eighteenth century, the use of renewable energy resources – used from the ﬁrst traces of human beings – such as ﬁrewood, sunlight, wind, waterfalls, among others, began to be replaced. In fact, coal, as the ﬁrst of these fossil fuels exploited, formed the basis of the so-called Industrial Revolution. These energies started to be used and their consumption patterns increased gradually as the population boosted. Most production and anthropogenic activities from the Industrial Revolution have been based on the use and exploitation of fossil fuels, i.e. coal, oil and natural gas.