The ofﬁce & the school
Most of architectural education is based on project work. This is structured around a sequence which normally starts off with problem deﬁnition, continues as a number of sketch schemes which are progressively criticised and reﬁned and then ﬁnally presented and judged. This is very close to the Popperian P1 and P2 sequence with considerable emphasis on both the tentative solution and error elimination stages in terms of both student effort and teaching time. The distribution of examination marks is a direct indication of where the emphasis is placed in a school of architecture. In most institutions, design project work is allocated 50% or more of the total available marks, by far the biggest percentage given to any single subject.