The opening chapter of this book provided an overall context for the case discussions as it highlighted the unique environment within which island states operate. Small Island Developing States (SIDS) share features and experiences that set them apart from more developed mainland destinations. The distinct context of SIDS is captured in the differences in the role of tourism in the economy and the resources upon which the industry is dependent. In terms of the former, the tourism industry in many SIDS is the mainstay of the local economies, with a significant degree of foreign ownership. With respect to the physical and human resources, the industry thrives on a fragile natural environment, and because of the smallness of these islands the environmental impacts are more severe than on mainland destinations. These island economies are significantly affected by changes in the global environment.