chapter  2
16 Pages



In June 1946 peace activist John Pearmain wrote to former Secretary of State Sumner Welles. He asked Welles if the internationalist leader and American Association for the United Nations (AAUN) director Clark Eichelberger was on the payroll of the State Department. Welles politely replied that Eichelberger had worked with the State Department during 1942/43, when he served on a committee that Welles himself had formed within the Department. However, he had not worked for, or received money from, the State Department for over two and a half years.1 Despite this seemingly conclusive reply, Pearmain continued to insist to Welles that the AAUN, led by Eichelberger, was not ‘a free agent’ and was merely a ‘front’ for the State Department, and argued that there was no chance for liberal movements in the United States if they were being fed the Department line through supposedly independent organisations such as the AAUN. Pearmain had come to suspect that Eichelberger was a State Department stooge after speaking to numerous colleagues who held this view. In addition, Pearmain claimed that Congressman Christian Herter had informed him that the State Department did in fact use such organisations as fronts.2