chapter  10
28 Pages

The elements and forms of villa complexes

The only aspect of villas so far discussed is the principal house. It did not exist inisolation, being only one of a group of buildings which usually stood within an enclosure. Virtually no attention has been paid to the varied shapes of enclosures and courtyards, or why the buildings within them are set out as they are. Discussion of these matters here is limited by two considerations. First, although the need to explore the farm buildings as well as the house was recognised long ago, late nineteenth-century methods made robbed foundations unintelligible and missed timber buildings completely, so that it is hard to be certain when completeness was really attained for any one site or phase. Second, the purely agricultural functions of buildings will not, because of my own ignorance of farming, be discussed; excavators’ opinions, where relevant, will be followed.