chapter  14
24 Pages

Modes of romanisation

Just as the forms of house and the ways in which buildings are arranged in relationto one another vary in innumerable ways, so the transformation of an indigenous pre-Roman society into a more or less Romanised one is a process of infinite variety. Moreover, the various ways it was done are less easy to categorise because both the stages in the process and the end result could be very different. The period at which Roman rule (not simply conquest) became effective and its cultural values began to be accepted is relevant to the types of house available for adoption by subject peoples, and that applies not only as between one country and another but also within countries, due to uneven development. If the concept of kin-groups emerging, as it were, into a Romanised society be accepted, it follows that at that stage they would require some fairly simple house, but those building in the new fashion in the first century of our era would choose from a rather different range of types than those doing so in the early third century, even in the same country, simply because the types themselves changed somewhat over that long period. A further complication is that immediately prior to conquest the various peoples were living in societies at different stages of development and in different relations with the Roman world; consequently the degree of familiarity with Roman culture and receptivity to it also varied, and this factor must have affected the spread of house types. More will be said on these matters in the final chapter, but now some of the ways in which Romanisation came about will be described.