chapter  3
10 Pages

Sleep-related problems in childhood

WithStephen H Sheldon

Sleep is not a unitary event. Identification of specific transition into sleep is often problematic. Sleep onset can be correlated with behavioral and biological changes that occur over a short period of time. However, behaviors typically associated with transitional sleep seen in adults (e.g., eye lids closed, recumbence, quiescence) are often paradoxical during childhood. Behavioral changes also consist of modulation in responsiveness to auditory and visual stimuli, decrease in the ability to perform and complete simple tasks, motor restlessness, mood changes, impulsivity, and varying degrees of attention problems. Although biological changes in electrocardiography (EEG) activity commonly associated with transitional sleep may be recorded, they are typically perceived by the child as sleepiness.1